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Syllabus                                        Book list                               Syllabus Analysis

Syllabus

Paper-I: Section-A

1.       Sources and approaches to study of early Indian history.

2.       Early pastoral and agricultural communities. The archaeological evidence.

3.       The Indus Civilization: its origins, nature and decline.

4.       Patterns of settlement, economy, social organization and religion in India (c. 2000 to 500 B.C.) : archaeological perspectives.

5.       Evolution of north Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic texts (Samhitas to Sutras).

6.       Teachings of Mahavira and Buddha. Contemporary society. Early phase of state formation and urbanization.

7.       Rise of Magadha; the Mauryan empire. Ashoka's inscriptions; his dhamma. Nature of the Mauryan state.

8.       Post-Mauryan period in northern and peninsular India: Political and administrative history,. Society, economy, culture and religion. Tamilaham and its society: the Sangam texts.

9.       India in the Gupta and post-Gupta period (to c. 750) : Political histroy of northern and peninsular India; Samanta system and changes in political structure; economy; social structure; culture; religion.

10.    Themes in early Indian cultural history: languages and texts; major stages in the evolution of art and architecture; major philosphical thinkers and schools; ideas in science and mathematics.

Section-B

1.       India, 750-1200 : Polity, society and economy. Major dynasties and political structurs in North India. Agrarian structures. " Indian feudalism". Rise of Rajputs. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries in Peninsular India. Villagle communities in the South. Conditions fof women. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds; towns. Problem of coinage. Arab conquest of Sind; the Ghaznavide empire.

2.       India, 750-1200: Culture, Literature, Kalhana, historian. Styles of temple architecture; sculpture. Religious thought and institutions: Sankaracharya's vedanta. Ramanuja. Growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India. Sufism. Indian science. Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization.

3.       The 13th Century. The Ghorian invasions. Factors behind Ghorian success. Economic, social and cultural consequences. Foundation of Delhi Sultanate. The "slave" Dynasty. IItutmish; Balban. "The Khalji Revolution". Early Sultanate architecture.

4.       The 14th Century. Alauddin Khalji's conquests, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tughluq's major "projects". Firuz Tughluq's concessions and public works. Decline of the Sultante. Foreing contacts: Ibn Battuta.

5.       Economy societyand culture in the 13th and 14th centureis. Caste and slavery under sultanate. Tehnological changes. Sultanate architecture. [persian literature: Amir Khusrau, Historiography; Ziya Barani. Evolution of a composite culture. Sufism in North India. Lingayats. Bhakti schools in the south.

6.       The 15th and early16th Century (Political History). Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids. The Vijayanagra Empire. Lodis. Mughal Empire, First phase : Babur, Humayun. The Sur Empire : Sher Shah's administration. The Portuguese colonial enterprise.

7.       The 15th and early 16th Century (society, economy and culture). Regional cultures and literatures. provincial architectural styles. Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.

8.       Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nank. Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya. Sufism in its pantheistic phase.

9.       Akbar: His conquests and consolidation of empire. Establishment of jagir and mansab systems. His Rajput policy. Evolution of religious and social outlook. Theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy. Abul Fazl, thinker and historian. Court patronage of art and technology.

10.    Mughal empire in the 17th Century. Major policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. The Empire and the Zamindars. Nature of the Mughal state. Late 17th Century crisis: Revolts. The Ahom kingdom, Shivaji and the early maratha kingdom.

11.    Economy and society, 16th and 17th Centuries. Population. Agricultural and craft production. Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies- a "trade revolution". Indian mercantile classes. Banking, insurance and credit systems. Conditions of peasants, famines. Condition of Women.

12.    Culture during Mughal Empire. Persian literature (including historical works). Hindi and relgious literatures. Mughal architecture. Mughal painting. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Classical music. Science and technology. Sawai Jai Singh, astronomer. Mystic eclecticism : Dara Shukoh. Vaishnav Bhakti. Mahrasthra Dharma. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa).

13.    First half of 18th Century: Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. The regional principalities (Nizam's Deccan, Bengal, Awadh). Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Emergency of Afghan Power. Panipat, 1761. Internal weakness, political cultural and economic, on eve of the British conquest.

Paper-II: Section-A

1.       Establishment of British rule in India: Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore, Maratha Con federacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance; Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.

2.       Colonial Economy : Tribute system. Drain of wealth and "deindustrialisation", Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari, Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements); Structure of the British raj up to 1857 (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation).

3.       Resistance to colonia rule : Early uprisings; Causes, nature and impact of the Revolt of 1857; Reorganisation of the Raj, 1858 and after.

4.       Socio-cultural impact of colonial rule: Official social reform measures (1828-57); Orientalist-Anglicist controversy; coming of English education and the press; Christian missionary activities;Bengal Renaissance; Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas; Women as focus of social reform.

5.       Economy 1858-1914: Railways; Commercialisation of Indian agriculture; Growth of landless labourers and rural indebtedness; Famines; India as market for British industry; Customs removal, exchange and countervailing excise; Limited growth of modern industry.

6.       Early Indian Nationalism: Social background; Formation of national associations; Peasant and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era; Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Moderate phase of the Congress; Growth of Extremism; The Indian Council Act of 1909; Home Rule Movement; The Government of India Act of 1919.

7.       Inter-War economy of India: Industries and problem of Protection; Agricultural distress; the Great Depression; Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection; the growth of trade unions; The Kisan Movement; The economic programme of the Congress' Karachi resolution, 1931.

8.       Nationalism under Gandhi's leadership: Gandhi's career, thought and methods of mass mobilisation; Rowlatt Satyagraha, Khilafat- Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India Movement; State People's Movement.

9.       Other strands of the National Movement:

10.    Revolutionary movements since 1905; (b) Constitutional politics; Swarajists, Liberals, Responsive Cooperation; (c) Ideas of Jawharlal Nehru, (d) The Left (Socialists and Communists); (e) Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army; (f) Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha; (g) Women in the National Movement.

11.    Literary and cultural lmovements: Tagore, Premchand, Subramanyam Bharati, Iqbal as examples only; New trends in art; Film industry; Writers' Organisations and Theatre Associations.

12.    Towards Freedom: The Act of 1935; Congress Ministries, 1937-1939; The Pakistan Movement; Post-1945 upsurge (RIN Mutiny, Telangana uprising etc.,); Consititutional negotiations and the Transfer of Power, 15 August 1947.

13.    First phase of Independence (1947-64): Facing the consequences of Partition; Gandhiji's murder; economic dislocation; Integration of States; The democratic constitution, 1950; Agrarian reforms; Building an industrial welfare state; Planning and industrialisation; Foreign policy of Non-alignment; Relations with neighbours.

Section-B

1.       Enlightenment and Modern ideas

a.        Renaissance Background

b.       Major Ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau

c.        Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe

d.       Rise of socialist ideas (to Marx)

2.       Origins of Modern Politics

a.        European States System

b.       American Revolution and the Constitution.

c.        French revolution and after math, 1789-1815.

d.       British Democratic Politics, 1815-1850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, chartists.

3.       Industriatization

a.        English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society

b.       Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan

c.        Socialist Industrialization: Soviet and Chinese.

4.       Nation-State System

a.        Rise of Nationalism in 19th century

b.       Nationalism : state-building in Germany and Italy

c.        Disintegration of Empires through the emergence of nationalities.

5.       Imperialism and Colonialism

a.        Colonial System (Exploitation of New World, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, Tribute from Asian Conquests)

b.       Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Latin America, South Africa, Indonesia, Australia.

c.        Imperialism and Free Trade: The New Imperialism

6.       Revolution and Counter-Revolution

a.        19th Century European revolutions

b.       The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921

c.        Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.

d.       The Chinese Revolution of 1949

7.       World Wars

a.        1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications

b.       World War I : Causes and Consequences

c.        World War II : Political Consequence

8.       Cold War

a.        Emergence of Two Blocs

b.       Integration of West Europe and US Strategy; Communist East Europe

c.        Emergence of Third World and Non-Alignment

d.       UN and Dispute Resolution

9.       Colonial Liberation

a.        Latin America-Bolivar

b.       Arab World-Egypt

c.        Africa-Apartheid to Democracy

d.       South-East Asia-Vietnam

10.    Decolonization and Underdevelopment

a.        Decolonization: Break up of colonial Empires: British, French, Duth

b.       Factors constraining Development : Latin America, Africa

11.    Unification of Europe

a.        Post War Foundations : NATO and European Community

b.       Consolidation and Expansion of European Community/European Union.

12.    Soviet Disintegration and the Unipolar World

a.        Factors in the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991

b.       Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992

c.        End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World

d.       Globalization

 

BOOK-LIST

 

Sr. No.

Topic

Recommended Books

1.        

Paper-I Section-A

Romila Thappar’s Ancient India or A.L. Basham’s Wonder that was India Vol. I and Ignou’s notes

2.        

Sources and approaches to study of early Indian history.

The Gazette of India

3.        

Early pastoral and agricultural communities. The archaeological evidence.

D P Aggrawal’s The Archaeology of India.

 

4.        

The Indus Civilization: its origins, nature and decline.

 

Bridget and Allchin – The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan

5.        

Patterns of settlement, economy, social organization and religion in India (c. 2000 to 500 B.C.): archaeological perspectives.

R. S Sharma – Material Cultures and Social Formations in Ancient India

6.        

Evolution of north Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic texts (Samhitas to Sutras).

R. S Sharma – Material Cultures and Social Formations in Ancient India

7.        

Teachings of Mahavira and Buddha. Contemporary society. Early phase of state formation and urbanization.

S R Goyal  - A History of Indian Buddhism

8.        

Rise of Magadha; the Mauryan empire. Ashoka's inscriptions; his dhamma. Nature of the Mauryan state.

R.S. Sharma’s Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India

9.        

Post-Mauryan period in northern and peninsular India: Political and administrative history,. Society, economy, culture and religion. Tamilaham and its society: the Sangam texts.

R.S. Sharma’s Perspectives in Social and Economic History of Ancient India

10.     

India in the Gupta and post-Gupta period (to c. 750): Political histroy of northern and peninsular India; Samanta system and changes in political structure; economy; social structure; culture; religion.

Ashvini Agarawal – The Rise and fall of Imperial Guptas

R.S Sharma – Indian Feudalism

11.     

Themes in early Indian cultural history: languages and texts; major stages in the evolution of art and architecture; major philosophical thinkers and schools; ideas in science and mathematics.

R. S Sharma – Material Cultures and Social Formations in Ancient India

 

12.    

Paper-I Section-B

S.A.A. Rizzvi’s Wonder that India Vol.II or Satish Chandra’s Medieval India and Ignou notes

13.     

India, 750-1200: Polity, society and economy. Major dynasties and political structures in North India. Agrarian structures. “Indian feudalism". Rise of Rajputs. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries in Peninsular India. Village communities in the South. Conditions of women. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds; towns. Problem of coinage. Arab conquest of Sind; the Ghaznavide empire.

K.M.Ashraf’s Life and Conditions of People of Hindustan

14.     

India, 750-1200: Culture, Literature, Kalhana, historian. Styles of temple architecture; sculpture. Religious thought and institutions: Sankaracharya's vedanta. Ramanuja. Growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India. Sufism. Indian science. Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization.

Gazetteer of India

15.     

The 13th Century. The Ghorian invasions. Factors behind Ghorian success. Economic, social and cultural consequences. Foundation of Delhi Sultanate. The "slave" Dynasty. IItutmish; Balban. "The Khalji Revolution". Early Sultanate architecture.

 

Mohammad Habib and K.A. Nizami’s Delhi Sultanate

K.A.Nizami’s Religion and Politics During 13th century

16.     

The 14th Century. Alauddin Khalji's conquests, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tughluq's major "projects". Firuz Tughluq's concessions and public works. Decline of the Sultante. Foreing contacts: Ibn Battuta.

Mohammad Habib and K.A. Nizami’s Delhi Sultanate

17.     

Economy society and culture in the 13th and 14th centuries. Caste and slavery under sultanate. Technological changes. Sultanate architecture. [Persian literature: Amir Khusrau, Historiography; Ziya Barani. Evolution of a composite culture. Sufism in North India. Lingayats. Bhakti schools in the south.

Tapan Rai Chaudhury and Irfan Habib’s The Cambridge Economic History of India vol 1

18.     

The 15th and early16th Century (Political History). Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids. The Vijayanagra Empire. Lodis. Mughal Empire, First phase : Babur, Humayun. The Sur Empire: Sher Shah's administration. The Portuguese colonial enterprise.

K.R.Qanungo’s  Sher Shah and his times

19.     

The 15th and early 16th Century (society, economy and culture). Regional cultures and literatures. Provincial architectural styles. Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.

Gazetteer of India

20.     

Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nank. Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya. Sufism in its pantheistic phase.

Gazetteer of India

21.     

Akbar: His conquests and consolidation of empire. Establishment of jagir and mansab systems. His Rajput policy. Evolution of religious and social outlook. Theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy. Abul Fazl, thinker and historian. Court patronage of art and technology.

John F. Richards ‘s The New Cambrige History of India The Mughal Empire

 

22.     

Mughal empire in the 17th Century. Major policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. The Empire and the Zamindars. Nature of the Mughal state. Late 17th Century crisis: Revolts. The Ahom kingdom, Shivaji and the early Maratha kingdom.

R.P.Tripathi’s Rise and Fall of Mughal Empire.

23.     

Economy and society, 16th and 17th Centuries. Population. Agricultural and craft production. Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies- a "trade revolution". Indian mercantile classes. Banking, insurance and credit systems. Conditions of peasants, famines. Condition of Women.

Tapan Rai Chaudhury and Irfan Habib’s The Cambridge Economic History of India vol 1

24.     

Culture during Mughal Empire. Persian literature (including historical works). Hindi and religious literatures. Mughal architecture. Mughal painting. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Classical music. Science and technology. Sawai Jai Singh, astronomer. Mystic eclecticism : Dara Shukoh. Vaishnav Bhakti. Mahrasthra Dharma. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa).

 

Percy Brown’s Indian Archiecture

25.     

First half of 18th Century: Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. The regional principalities (Nizam's Deccan, Bengal, Awadh). Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Emergency of Afghan Power. Panipat, 1761. Internal weakness, political cultural and economic, on eve of the British conquest.

Mohammad Habib and K.A Nizami’s Comprehensive History of India, Vol 5

26.    

Paper-II Section-A

 

Bipin Chandra’s India’s struggle for Independence, Summit Sarkar’s Modern India and Ignou notes

27.     

Establishment of British rule in India: Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore, Maratha Con federacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance; Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.

 

Shekhar Bandhopadhya’s From Plassey to Partition

28.     

Colonial Economy: Tribute system. Drain of wealth and "deindustrialization", Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari, Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements); Structure of the British raj up to 1857 (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation).

Dharam Kumar’s Cambridge Economic History of India Vol.II

29.     

Resistance to colonial rule: Early uprisings; Causes, nature and impact of the Revolt of 1857; Reorganization of the Raj, 1858 and after.

Summit Sarkar’s Modern India

A.R. Desai’s Social Background to Indian nationalism

30.     

Socio-cultural impact of colonial rule: Official social reform measures (1828-57); Orientalist-Anglicist controversy; coming of English education and the press; Christian missionary activities; Bengal Renaissance; Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas; Women as focus of social reform.

Charles H. Heimsath’s Indian Nationalism and Hindu Social Reform

31.     

Economy 1858-1914: Railways; Commercialization of Indian agriculture; Growth of landless labourers and rural indebtedness; Famines; India as market for British industry; Customs removal, exchange and countervailing excise; Limited growth of modern industry.

Dharam Kumar’s Cambridge Economic History of India Vol.II

32.     

Early Indian Nationalism: Social background; Formation of national associations; Peasant and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era; Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Moderate phase of the Congress; Growth of Extremism; The Indian Council Act of 1909; Home Rule Movement; The Government of India Act of 1919.

Shekhar Bandhopadhya’s From Plassey to Partition

33.     

Inter-War economy of India: Industries and problem of Protection; Agricultural distress; the Great Depression; Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection; the growth of trade unions; The Kisan Movement; The economic programme of the Congress' Karachi resolution, 1931.

R.C. Majumdar’s Modern India

Shekhar Bandhopadhya’s From Plassey to Partition

34.     

Nationalism under Gandhi's leadership: Gandhi's career, thought and methods of mass mobilisation; Rowlatt Satyagraha, Khilafat- Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India Movement; State People's Movement.

R.C. Majumdar’s Modern India

Shekhar Bandhopadhya’s From Plassey to Partition

35.     

Other strands of the National Movement:

Revolutionary movements since 1905; (b) Constitutional politics; Swarajists, Liberals, Responsive Cooperation; (c) Ideas of Jawharlal Nehru, (d) The Left (Socialists and Communists); (e) Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army; (f) Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha; (g) Women in the National Movement.

R.C. Majumdar’s Modern India

Shekhar Bandhopadhya’s From Plassey to Partition

36.     

Literary and cultural movements: Tagore, Premchand, Subramanyam Bharati, Iqbal as examples only; New trends in art; Film industry; Writers' Organizations and Theatre Associations.

Grover and Grover’s A new Look into Modern Indian History

37.     

Towards Freedom: The Act of 1935; Congress Ministries, 1937-1939; The Pakistan Movement; Post-1945 upsurge (RIN Mutiny, Telangana uprising etc.,); Constitutional negotiations and the Transfer of Power, 15 August 1947.

 

R.C. Majumdar’s Modern India

Shekhar Bandhopadhya’s From Plassey to Partition

38.     

First phase of Independence (1947-64): Facing the consequences of Partition; Gandhiji's murder; economic dislocation; Integration of States; The democratic constitution, 1950; Agrarian reforms; Building an industrial welfare state; Planning and industrialization; Foreign policy of Non-alignment; Relations with neighbours.

Bipin Chandra’s India after independence

39.    

Paper-II Section-B

Gay and Garrate’s University History of World (Only Modern World) and Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

40.     

Enlightenment and Modern ideas

Renaissance Background

Major Ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau

Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe

 Rise of socialist ideas (to Marx)

EDWARD MACNALL BURNS: WORLD CIVILIZATIONS (Vol II and III)

 

41.     

Origins of Modern Politics

European States System

American Revolution and the Constitution.

French revolution and after math, 1789-1815.

British Democratic Politics, 1815-1850; Parliamentary Reformers, Free Traders, chartists.

EDWARD MACNALL BURNS: WORLD CIVILIZATIONS (Vol II and III)

 

42.     

Industrialization

English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society

Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan

Socialist Industrialization: Soviet and Chinese.

EDWARD MACNALL BURNS: WORLD CIVILIZATIONS (Vol II and III)

 

43.     

Nation-State System

Rise of Nationalism in 19th century

Nationalism : state-building in Germany and Italy

Disintegration of Empires through the emergence of nationalities.

Imperialism and Colonialism

Colonial System (Exploitation of New World, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, Tribute from Asian Conquests)

Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Latin America, South Africa, Indonesia, Australia.

Imperialism and Free Trade: The New Imperialism

EDWARD MACNALL BURNS: WORLD CIVILIZATIONS (Vol II and III)

 

44.     

Revolution and Counter-Revolution

19th Century European revolutions

The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921

Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.

The Chinese Revolution of 1949

Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

45.     

World Wars

1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications

World War I : Causes and Consequences

World War II : Political Consequence

Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

46.     

Cold War

Emergence of Two Blocs

Integration of West Europe and US Strategy; Communist East Europe

Emergence of Third World and Non-Alignment

UN and Dispute Resolution

Colonial Liberation

Latin America-Bolivar

Arab World-Egypt

Africa-Apartheid to Democracy

South-East Asia-Vietnam

Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

47.     

Decolonization and Underdevelopment

Decolonization: Break up of colonial Empires: British, French, Dutch

Factors constraining Development: Latin America, Africa

 

Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

48.     

Unification of Europe

Post War Foundations : NATO and European Community

Consolidation and Expansion of European Community/European Union.

Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

49.     

Soviet Disintegration and the Uni polar World

Factors in the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union, 1985-1991

Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992

End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World

Globalization

Norman Lowe’s MASTERING MODERN WORLD HISTORY

 

Syllabus Analysis

ANCIENT INDIA

Topic

Sub-topic

Brief Description

Long Ans

1

 

Sources

 

 

i)

Archeological sources

2003

 

ii)

Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments

2007

2

 

Pre-history and Proto-history

 

3

 

Indus Valley Civilization

2002

4

 

Megalithic Cultures

2008

5

 

Aryans and Vedic Period

2004

6

 

Period of Mahajanapadas

 

 

i)

Economic growth; Introduction of coinage

2003

 

ii)

Spread of Jainism and Buddhism

2007

 

iii)

Rise of Magadha and Nandas

2001

7

 

Mauryan Empire

 

 

i)

Polity, Administration

2005

 

ii)

Religion; Spread of religion; Literature

2004

8

 

Post - Mauryan Period

2008

9

 

Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India

2008

10

 

Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas

 

 

i)

Polity and administration

2006/05

 

ii)

Indian feudalism, Caste system, Position of women

2007/05

 

iii)

Education and educational institutions

2003

11

 

Regional States during Gupta Era

 

 

i)

Chalukyas of Badami

 

 

ii)

Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas

 

12

 

Themes in Early Indian Cultural History

 

 

i)

major stages in the evolution of art and architecture

2004

 

ii)

ideas in Science and Mathematics

2001

 

MEDIEVAL INDIA

Topic

Brief Description

Short Note

Long Ans

 

13

Early Medieval India, 750-1200

 

 

 

The Cholas: administration, village economy and society

 

2004/07

 

"Indian Feudalism"

2005

 

14

Cultural Traditions in India, 750-1200

 

 

 

Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta

2001

2008

 

Growth of Bhakti

2002

 

 

Sufism

2003

 

 

Kalhan's Rajtarangini

2003

 

 

Alberuni's India

2007

2003

15

The Thirteenth Century

 

 

 

Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban 

2004/08

 

16

The Fourteenth Century

 

 

 

"The Khalji Revolution"

2006

 

 

Alauddin Khalji

 

2001

 

Muhammad Tughluq

2003/04

 

17

Society, Culture and Economy in the 13 th & 14 th Centuries

 

 

 

Sufi movement

2006

 

18

The 15 th & Early 16 th Century - Political Developments and Economy

 

 

 

Mughal Empire, Firs